After searching your terms, you can use the limiters on the left-hand side of the screen to narrow down your results.
If you are getting too many results or want to create a more specific search use Sofia's Advanced Search.
Advanced search allows you to search your terms in specific fields/indexes, which allows for a more specific search. Users may specify their search criteria by clicking the drop-down menu on under "Search Index".
If you need more search boxes, you can add them by clicking “+ Add Row” button.
Advanced Search includes other options:
Scholarly Journal Articles
Building on the steps taken on the Journals, Newspapers & Magazines tab, you can further narrow your results to scholarly articles by selecting "Only return peer-reviewed articles" from Sofia's Advanced Search page.
Or If you have already conducted your search, you can limit your results to scholarly sources by clicking "Peer-reviewed" on the left-hand side of the screen.
To access the course reserves section in the discovery tool Sofia, click on the “Course Reserves” tab in the dark strip under the Sign In button.
This section usually includes recommended or mandatory material for a course. You may find items with the following criteria:
Click on the course to view related material. The item’s location, call number and description are displayed.
Boolean Operators (AND, OR, NOT) (ET, OU, SAUF)
Boolean operators (AND/ET/+, OR/OU, NOT/SAUF/-) are inserted between keywords in a search box or between search boxes to include or exclude certain words or phrases.
Boolean operators must be in UPPERCASE for Sofia to recognize them.
Keywords and their Boolean operators are processed left to right.
Narrows search results by returning only items that include both words/ phrases connected through the operator.
* If no other operator is entered in the search box, a Boolean AND is by default inserted between the words.
|Broadens search results by returning items that include either word/phrase connected through the operator.
Example: cellular OR smartphone
|Reduces search results by excluding items that include the word/phrase after the operator.
Example: “renewable energy” NOT hydroelectricity
For more information on Boolean operators, click here.
Use English (" ") or French (« ») quotation marks to find an exact phrase or the closest words.
An asterisk (*) isolates the root of a word to include all variations or words from the same family. This generally increases search results.
Note: You must have a minimum of three characters preceding the asterisk (*).
The question mark substitutes several letters (9 maximum).
A pound sign/hashtag (#) or question mark (?) substitutes one or several variable letters in a word. Wildcards broaden search results.
The pound sign/hashtag (#) substitutes only one letter.
Note: You must have a minimum of three characters preceding the pound sign/hashtag (#) or question mark (?).
Specify the order in which Boolean operators are applied to group keywords. Once the search is launched, Sofia interprets the words and operators in brackets first and interprets the words and operators outside the brackets last.